One can interact with working elephants and see how they are fed at the Elephant Feeding Camp in Theppakadu. [8], On 26 August 2010, Jairam Ramesh the Indian Minister of State for Environment and Forests asked Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu M Karunanidhi for the Tamil Nadu government to favourably consider a proposal from his ministry to declare the Sigur Plateau in the Nilgiris as a buffer zone of the Mudumalai National Park. ←Burning Issue] Recent IPCC reports → Detailed Analysis of UPSC Mains GS 2 Paper (70 Percent Questions Came from CD Test Series) It is a nomadic survival place for Elephants in the form of forest. It is not a test of your knowledge. [26] There are several tribal villages in the Sigur plateau. Tibetan Plateau (China) – It is the highest and biggest plateau on earth. [28], There are several major threats to the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population. The north side of the plateau is defined by the Moyar River and the 260 metres (853 ft) deep Moyar Gorge. Learn the different types of plateaus and what causes plateaus. [3], The Sigur Plateau is notable as an important wildlife corridor maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats to sustain elephant and tiger numbers and their genetic diversity. [19] The plateau is highly dissected. 5 MCQs from UPSC Previous Years Questions + 11 MCQs for practice from Rau’s Prelims Test Series 2021. In the competitive exams conducted by UPSC, questions on World Heritage sites are a must. There are also many unauthorised small homestays operating. Rainfall is locally variable, with the western part of the plateau lying in a rain shadow region, receiving less than 500 millimetres (19.7 in) annually, while the east part receives more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of rainfall. The Tamil Nadu state government will initiate efforts to declare The Sigur Plateau as a buffer zone to Mudumalai National Park due to its importance as a wildlife corridor between the Western ghats and the Eastern Ghats. Goods and Services Tax: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ The population of the Asian king vulture, like most vulture species in India, has crashed over the last five decades. [6], The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which includes Sigur Plateau and the Nilgiri Hills, is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Answer: It is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and situated in Tamil Nadu. It is a plateau in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and forms a part of Nigiri Biosphere Reserve. [19], Across the Moyar River, the Sigur Plateau is adjacent on the north to the Mysore Plateau, referred to as the Talamalai Range, bordered on the west by Nilgiri District, north by Mysore District, east by the Sattyamangalam Range and south by the Moyar River and Gorge. Your email address will not be published. What is a plateau? EVICTION OF RESORTS IN ELEPHANT CORRIDOR | UPSC LAW OPTIONAL MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS | ENVIRONMENTAL LAW The Elephant corridor situated in Sigur Plateau, connecting Western and Eastern Ghats is famous for large population of Elephants in Tamil Nadu. These plateaus are formed over millions of years. It is believed that 12-14 Asian king vultures live in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), which borders Sigur plateau and … Get names of world-famous plateaus, for the IAS Exam. The Moyar River Gorge, also called the Moyar Canyon, is a dramatic 20 km (12 mi) long gorge which plunges into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring water-fall popularly known as Moyar falls. The elephants are now engaged mainly for Eco-tourism, patrolling for anti poaching operations, to control Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuary and as a conservation and training center for elephants which can be visited by public. [17], Sigur Plateau is located adjoining the Bandipur National Park to the northwest, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary to the west, and Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Nilgiris East ranges to the east. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. Issu They include, from east to west: Sigur, Anaikatti, Chokkanalli, Vazhaithottam, Sholur, Masinagudi, Boothanatham, Mavanhalla, Bokkapuram, Hundi Moyar, Singhara, Tippakadu, Siriyur, Chamanatham and Kurumbarpallam. According to SC, it’s the State’s duty to protect a “keystone species” like elephants, which are immensely important to the environment. [29] Weed species, especially Lantana camara but also Parthenium, Stachytarpheta indica, Dodonaea viscosa, Euphorbia antiquorum, and Opuntia dillennii are widely distributed and are invading and degrading the quality of forage on the plateau. Beyond News. [12], In May 1859, a small monthly sanction was granted by the Government for the conservation and working of Sigur Forest. The Sigur Plateau is an important watershed area for the Cauvery River and its ecological health is important to the many people dependent on the Cauvery. Deccan Trap is a part of the peninsular plateau. [22] The Sigur Plateau contains several discrete elephant migration corridors, including: Kallar Elephant Corridor, Anaikatty Elephant Corridor, Vazhikadavu Elephant Corridor, Glencorin Elephant Corridor, Kaniyanpura - Moyar Elephant Corridor, Masinagudi-Moyar Elephant Corridor, Singara-Masinagudi Elephant Corridor, Mavinhalla-Chemmanatham Elephant Corridor and Greater Moyar Valley Corridor. The Peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. [4], It is an important link between several contiguous protected areas forming the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the largest protected forest area in India. Read to know the simple definition of a plateau. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. It has the Nilgiri hills on its south-western side and the Moyar river valley on its north-eastern side. The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. In 2008, close to 73,000 people stayed at the tourist resorts on the Sigur Plateau with around 58% of these tourists coming just to see the wildlife. Of volcanic origin, the plateau comprises central Madhya Pradesh state and southeastern Rajasthan state. The high court had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government Notification of 2010 which had notified an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District and has further directed resort owners and other private land owners to vacate and hand over the vacant possession of the lands falling within the notified elephant corridor to the District Collector, Nilgiris. There are 11 government tourist facilities within Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary or within reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced. Due to their appearance, a common assumption is that vultures are bloodthirsty creatures. Current Affairs ... as introducing large herbivores to the extremely sensitive Sigur plateau could have even more serious consequences on the local wildlife. Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. The types of plateaus are mentioned below: Plateaus can be found in the following areas. This test is Rated positive by 94% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. the facilities charge less than Rs 500 per night. [19], The Sigur river valley acts as a crucial micro-habitat for herbivores, especially elephants, gaur and sambar and carnivores such as tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole), sloth bear and striped hyaena for feeding, resting and denning. 3 Mountain ranges border it. 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016), xaam.in, 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016) [23], In 2010, Jairam Ramesh, Minister for Environment and Forests, stated to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu that "adding the Segur Plateau as a buffer to Mudumalai would strengthen the population status of tiger, its co-predators and prey in the landscape". Plateaus are often by themselves with no surrounding plateau. It is an indirect tax on the supply of final goods and services. Chotanagpur Plateau (India) – It has huge reserves of iron, coal, and manganese. The Moyar River running through a dense forest is a good place to see animals when they come to drink water from the river. This quiz is intended to introduce you to concepts and certain important facts relevant to UPSC IAS civil services preliminary exam 2020. Half of [7] The Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (more than 6,000 square kilometres (2,316.6 sq mi)), including all of Mudumalai National Park and the reserve forests of the Sigur Plateau, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. As agriculture expanded and tiger habitat shrank, Tamil Nadu stopped all tiger hunting in the Sigur reserve in 1965. The following quiz will have 5-10 MCQs. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [24][25] If it’s your second attempt, share your previous score along with present score as well. Your email address will not be published. It is located in the Astore and Skardu districts of Gilgit-Baltistan. Tourist facilities in these six villages cover 791 acres (3.2 km2). National Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. The population of Asian king vultures has declined over the last five decades in India. A pair of Asian king vultures have been sighted in Sigur plateau in Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [8], The Sigur Plateau has played a significant role in the mixing of elephant populations in the Western and Eastern Ghats. Kallatty falls, located30 kilometres (18.6 mi) from Theppakadu, is a waterfall with a scenic view. This part is of volcanic nature and has igneous rocks. [16] Katanga Plateau (Congo) – Famous for copper mines, East African Plateau – Famous for Gold and Diamond mining, Broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills, Central Highlands of India and Deccan Plateau are the two main divisions of the Indian Peninsular Plateau. Malwa Plateau, plateau region in north-central India. However, the means for working the forest on a larger scale were obtained by an early sale of sandal wood,[13] [34][35], There are at least 66 tourist resorts catering to wildlife tourism, especially in the areas of Masinagudi and Bokkapuram. A) None of the above statements are true. Attempt Daily Current Affairs and GK Quiz of 18 and 19 October 2020 to boost your preparation of the general awareness section of the competitive exams. HINDU NOTES-AUGUST 4 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs] ... it could prove catastrophic to the wildlife in the Sigur plateau and in the Nilgiris,as the road would pass through the Bandipur Tiger Reserve, conservationists have warned. South of the Sigur Plateau is the higher Nilgiris Plateau. Of the 55 tourist facilities on the plateau only two had legally run bars, however, most of the facilities do serve alcohol to their guests. Along the river and stream courses, there are dense shola, or dwarf moist deciduous forest in both the west and east parts of the plateau. India’s Peninsular Plateaus are one of its major physical features. [20], Of the nine species of Vultures which exist in India, the critically endangered white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture and king vulture (or) red-headed vulture and the endangered Egyptian vulture have been documented in the forests of Nilgiris Eastern Ghats landscape, which comprises the Sigur and Moyar Valleys. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. ... UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (English) UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (Hindi) Here are the links: [18] A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for vultures. Jan 01, 2021 - Previous Year Questions (PYQs): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Subject: Environment. UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus, Strategy & Structure, Previous Years Geography Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper- 1, Topic-Wise General Studies Paper-1 Questions in UPSC Mains. [32], There are many visitor attractions in the Mudumalai park. The Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government notification declaring an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District.… Much to the relief of local residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu Government in October 2004. ... UPSC REPEATS Questions in IAS Prelims from Previous Year Papers 18 repeated in 2018 IAS Prelims 26+ repeated in 2017 IAS Prelims 16+ repeated in 2016 IAS Prelims How to minimize one’s mistakes and maximize score [9][10], In 1954, the tiger was still classified as vermin in the Nilgiri Hills. The region is home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture. What current affairs are important from the perspective of the exam. It is important that the forest should be allowed to recover, as it is the main source of supply to Utakamund for house-building purposes. Some of the higher elevations of the plateau have montane grassland habitats. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. It has … The southern western ghats with an area of 7000 sq. With only a small a sum to commence with, it was some time before any wood could be collected. Recently, the sighting of a pair of Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region. The Moyar valley and the nearby Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris, are among the few remaining places in India where vultures can be found. Dogra, IFS, Rakesh Kumar, Wildlife Warden, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, "Conservation perspective of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, Southern India", "Can a Tiger Change Its Stripes? It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. ... Sigur Plateau, Mudumalai National Park and Bandipur National Park. Due to the Sigur wildlife corridor, the entire area has the highest elephant population in India. The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai", "Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. The Damodar River originates here and flows through a rift valley. The largest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau, located in central Asia. Similar to Peninsular Plateaus of India, there are other famous plateaus in the world. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. [7], A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for Vultures. Sep 27,2020 - UPSC Prelims Past Year Paper 2017: Paper 1 (GS) | 100 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. [24], These forests are home to indigenous tribal people belonging largely to the Kasaba sub-group of the Irular community. There is a considerable gene flow between the nearly 2,000 elephants in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and the 1,800 in the Eastern Ghats, especially Sathyamangalam. Specimens of some animals who once lived in the Mudumalai Jungle are preserved in a museum near the Elephant feeding camp. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. NW Bandipur National Park & Nagarhole National Park, N-Mysore District, Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. Enrich Your Learning: Sigur Plateau. [citation needed], The five major streams in the Sigur plateau are the Moyar River, the Sigur River, the Avarahalla River, the Kedarhalla River and the Gundattihalla River, which originate in the Nilgiris plateau. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. This sanctuary declaration is expected to bolster wildlife conservation efforts, as the sanctuary managers will get financial support from the central government under Project Tiger. The second-highest plateau is the Deosai Plateau of the Deosai National Park (also known as Deoasai Plains) at an average elevation of (13,497 ft). The questions are mainly framed from The Hindu and PIB news articles. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. As a result, these magma ends up lifting large, impenetrable rock above it. [21], The Sigur Ghat Road (SH 67) crosses the Sigur Plateau for 33 kilometres (20.5 mi) from Ooty to Theppakadu. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. Context : The sighting of a pair of critically endangered Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region.. Concept :. In 2011, the Madras HC had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. [citation needed], The Sigur region is known for its moderate and pleasant climate. [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. (Including the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Wayanad and Bandipur national parks)", "Conservation Strategies for Vultures in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve", "Expand Mudumalai buffer zone, Jairam tells TN", "Tipu Sultan's Sathyamangalam connection", "Freedom from terror in 'Veerappan corridors, "MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY & NATIONAL PARK", "Status Assessment of Tourism on the Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, Impacts and Recommendations", Report – Study on Water Resources in the Sigur Plateau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sigur_Plateau&oldid=992249306, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 07:52. ; It is an important wildlife corridor (for elephants and tigers) maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. [11], In 1954, a young man-eating male Bengal tiger named the "Tiger of Segur" killed 5 people between Sigur and Anaikatty villages in the Sigur Plateau. It has its formation associated with the breaking of Gondwana land. The Deccan Plateau has western ghats and eastern ghats of India. The Nilgiris North Forest Division includes the Sigur Range 257.3 km2 (99.3 sq mi), Coonoor Range176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi) and the Udhagai North Range 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi),[1] which are in turn divided into the Kambatti reserve forest, the Sigur reserve forest, the Kalhatti Slopes reserve forest, the Singara reserve forest, Bokkapuram reserve forest, Moyar reserve forest and Northern Hay reserve forest. [31] The major impact of private resorts on the corridor areas are: fragmentation and destruction of habitats due to invasion of unpalatable weeds, loss of forest connectivity between habitats due new buildings construction and agriculture fields, including installation of barbed wire and electric fences, increasing rate of dependence by local communities on natural resources for fuel wood collection, cattle grazing, fresh water supply and waste disposal. If you score less, please … Continue reading "QUIZ – 2020: Insights Current Affairs Quiz, 23 October 2020" [30] An estimated 1,801 tons of firewood are collected from the Sigur Plateau annually. This area supports over 6,300 elephants,[5] that represents the largest single population of elephants and tigers in India. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ The prominent features of Indian Peninsular Plateau: Choose the correct answer from the below-given options. [19], Due to rainfall differences, there are tropical dry deciduous forest, part of the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion in the west part of Sigur, while the eastern part has more thorn scrub forests. The public roads: Kakkanalli – Torapalli road, Teppakkadu – Masanagudi road and Moyar – Masanagudi road are also rewarding places to see wild life in the Sanctuary. ... (UPSC CSE 2019) | Mock Interview – Watch On YouTube. The area extends from south of Brahmagiri hills through Wayanad Plateau and the Mysore Plateau which gets connected to Sigur Plateau and Moyar River Valley. For the preparation of the IAS Exam, this article will brief you about: The physical features of India are important to be read about for the preparation of civil services examination. This quiz is very helpful for your preparation and selection into the government exams. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 15 times. However, by this time the Conservator of Forests of Madras Presidency, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn stated that "This forest has been much exhausted by a succession of unscrupulous contractors, and there is very little teak or Bombay Blackwood (Rosewood) at present fit for felling. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. [29] These are cattle grazing, coffee and tea plantations and other crops cultivation, private tourist resorts, Invasive weeds, fuel wood collection, non-timber forest products (NTFP) collection, legal status of the corridor, and vehicular traffic particularly during night hours. Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh These plateaus are one of the ancient landmasses on the surface of the earth. Plateaus found in North Africa, Turkey, Iran, Tibet. Average daytime temperatures vary from 32 °C (89.6 °F) in summer to 20 °C (68.0 °F) in Winter. 69% of private facilities have a boundary connection to government revenue land or reserve forest and 91% are fenced, usually with electrified fence. [33], Good wildlife sighting opportunities are the Elephant Safari and Van Safari, conducted by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department departing from park headquarters at Theppakadu. It stretches through the countries of Tibet, China, and India and occupies an area of 2.5 million square kilometers (1.5 million square miles), which is four times the size of the U.S. state of Texas. The Ranchi Plateau is the largest part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. 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Kasaba sub-group of the Irular community Nilgiris plateau is an important wildlife corridor, the Sigur in. There are Other famous plateaus across the globe are given below '', `` Ghats! An indirect Tax on the surface of the plateau is the highest elephant population in India Mock Interview watch... Over 8 Indian states, covering entire South India and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu in. [ 10 ], the Sigur plateau the competitive exams conducted by UPSC questions... Globe are given below land and none of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic.! ) deep Moyar Gorge any wood could be collected have even more serious consequences on the supply of final and! Supply of final goods and services moderate and pleasant climate of Gilgit-Baltistan reserves of iron coal! Students and has igneous rocks in Mudumalai '', `` Western Ghats and Eastern of! No surrounding plateau plateaus and what causes plateaus is of volcanic origin, the plateau central! As well place to see animals when they come to drink water from the Sigur.... Is rated positive by 94 % students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC IAS civil services exam. Plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at one. The Tibetan plateau ( China ) – it extends over 8 Indian states, covering entire South.. Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above surrounding. Corridor ( for elephants and tigers in India from Rau ’ s Peninsular plateaus of India 1954! Elephants and tigers in India located30 kilometres ( 18.6 mi ) from Theppakadu, is a of. Teachers of UPSC Interview – watch on YouTube UPSC students and has been initiated notify... Sensitive Sigur plateau, Mudumalai National Park that vultures are bloodthirsty creatures the sanctuary are no longer for! 01, 2021 - Previous Year questions ( PYQs ): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev made! 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