His sentence was later commuted to life in prison. In the Brown case, a lower court had found that although segregation negatively affected Black students, the facilities provided for them in this case were equal to those at the white schools, and therefore the Board of Education was not violating the "separate but equal" requirement. The Washington Post reported that Marshall said he'd never known Hoover to lie. Thurgood Marshall traveled all over the country, defending plaintiffs in cases that could strike a blow to segregation and racism. Because Marshall was in the middle of arguing Brown v. Board of Education, Buster did not tell Marshall of her illness until after May 17, 1954 when the case was decided. Before his second year started, ThoughtCo. When the FBI supposedly uncovered details about King's extramarital affairs, Marshall didn't believe the information but also defended Hoover. In 1930, he applied to the University of Maryland Law School, but was denied admission because he was Black. He shortened his name to Thurgood … 200. Thurgood Marshall's school days didn't exactly indicate Future Supreme Court Justice. All rights reserved. As the Court became increasingly conservative, Marshall was often the lone dissenter, especially in cases relating to criminal justice. Vivian BureyFebruary 11, 1911 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. Died. Thurgood Marshall's work paid off and he rose to the top of the class in his first year and won the plum job of assistant in the law school library. Thurgood Marshall had two sons with Suyat.The names of their sons are Thurgood Marshall Jr. and John Marshall. In 1929, he met and married his first wife, Vivan Burey — known as Buster — when he was still in college and she had just graduated from the University of Pennsylvania. Vivian 'Buster' Burey dies at 44. He was disruptive in class, teasing other children — although he also changed his name from "Thoroughgood" when he was six to escape taunts. He was far more interested in girls and causing trouble than he was in studying, and at home, he hung out with the tough kids. Together they had two sons, Thurgood Jr. and John. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Thurgood's father, William, quit high school and eventually worked as a railroad porter and head steward at a whites-only country club. As a junior in college, he married his first wife, Vivian Burey in 1929. President John F. … His first wife died in February 1955. From Baltimore, he took trains to Washington every day and worked three part-time jobs to make ends meet. The danger was very real, since a big part of his job was traveling around the rural South, often alone, to represent people in court. Solicitor General, which again meant arguing cases in front of the Supreme Court, this time on behalf of the federal government. Thurgood Marshall gets a last minute check from his wife, Cecilia Suyat, before his swearing in at the Supreme Court in 1967. Under J. Edgar Hoover's COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program) the FBI spied on and sought to destroy civil rights organizations and Black radical groups. Create your account. A year later, he married Cecilia Suyat, a secretary at the NAACP ’ s New York office. Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908 in Baltimore Maryland. (Photo by Ed Clark/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images) Thurgood Marshall's sense of humor and infinite charm made him a hit with women. Born in New York City, John W. Marshall began his career in public safety in 1980 as a Virginia State Trooper. After completing high school in 1925, Thurgood followed his brother, William Aubrey Marshall, at the historically black Lincoln University in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Thurgood Marshall Lyrics, Songs, and Albums Geniu . Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Who was the name of Thurgood Marshall's first wife? Thurgood Marshall was the grandson of a slave. In the early 1950s, Vivian was diagnosed with a lung illness, in which most doctors considered either the... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Click to see full answer. She feared that an interracial marriage might attract negative attention to both the NAACP and Marshall. During her twenty-five-year marriage to Thurgood, she never had any children, but she did have several miscarriages. Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP appealed the case to the Supreme Court and won a retrial for Irvin and Shepherd (Greenlee didn't appeal.) REXBURG, Idaho (AP) — Authorities have searched the home of an Idaho man linked to the suspicious death of his first wife and the disappearance of his two new stepchildren A 'woke' comic celebrated PewDiePie's wife being robbed, the internet said enough is … Despite evidence that proved the men weren't even in town when the alleged crime occurred, they were found guilty. Marshall lived with his wife near Washington, D.C., until his death in 1993. He didn't exactly fall in line with what we think of as liberal today. Marshall wanted to attend the University of Maryland's School of Law but was denied acceptance because he was black. Marshall traveled a lot in his work with the NAACP and was accused of having affairs, and Burey's pregnancies ended in miscarriages. Time records that throughout his tenure on the Supreme Court, Marshall fought to apply the rules of the Constitution to everyone in America, not just the white men its authors had in mind. Also asked, when did Thurgood Marshall's first wife die? And his quick wit and charm won over allies and enemies alike. There were no children from this union. February 11, 1955 (aged 44) Nationality. Thurgood Marshall got married two times. His father, William, worked as a steward at an all-white country club. I still don't." Marshall and his wife Vivian lived with his parents in Baltimore to save money. After graduating, he applied to the University of Maryland School of Law, but was turned down because he was Black. One such case that haunted him was that of the Groveland Four. After he completed high school in 1925, Marshall attended Lincoln University in Chester County, Pennsylvania. He and Norma instilled in their sons the understanding that not only were they as good as any white person, but being Black was something to be proud of. His father, William Marshall, instilled in him from youth an appreciation for the United States Constitution and the rule of law. But even Thurgood Marshall can't win that case in the court of public opinion. When Marshall found out King was being surveilled, he told him, but said the leader didn't care. Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States.Thurgood Marshall, earlier named Thoroughgood Marshall (which he changed in the 2nd grade), was born in Baltimore, Maryland.Marshall served on the Court from 1967 to 1991. After passing the bar, he set up his own private practice in Baltimore, but in 1935 he started working as a part-time legal counsel for the NAACP. Thurgood Marshall, right, with his wife, Cecilia. According to Thurgood Marshall: A Biography, Thurgood 's mother, Norma, was one of the first Black people to graduate from Columbia Teachers College. Even after King was assassinated, Marshall praised him as a leader and speaker, but said that his tactics didn't achieve tangible goals. As an attorney, he successfully argued before the Supreme Court the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954). In an echo of the life story of Frederick Douglass, some civil rights activists felt that Marshall was betraying Black women by marrying Suyat, a Filipino-American who grew up in Hawaii. At Howard University Law School, Thurgood Marshall grew close to the dean, Charles Hamilton Houston, a civil rights legend in his own right. Greenlee was paroled in 1962 and died in 2012. His retirement in 1991 left the Court in the hands of more conservative justices. At one point, he was overseeing as many as 450 cases at the same time. Shortly thereafter, Marshall married … When he was named a Supreme Court Justice in 1967, Thurgood Marshall became part of the system King was trying to fight. It wasn't all smooth sailing. He founded the Legal Defense Fund in 1940, which served as the engine in the legal battles of the Civil Rights Movement. Marshall's closest brush with death came on November 18, 1946, in Columbia, Tennessee. Later that year, he married Cecilia Suyat. In 1954, Thurgood Marshall's wife, 'Buster,' learned she was dying from lung cancer. In 1940, he won his first of many victories in the Supreme Court: over the next 21 years, he won 29 of the 32 cases he argued before the Court — a record. Suyat remained married to Marshall until his death in 1993. I'm not marrying the country, and they're not marrying me.". Brown was the culmination of the NAACP's strategic use of multiple lawsuits to attack segregation in education and beyond. She feared that an interracial marriage might attract negative attention to both the NAACP and Marshall. Presently, Marshall Jr. is an attorney in Washington, D.C. Explore the life and accomplishments of one of the most important American figures of the twentieth century and test your understanding of American politics, racism, and fights for equality. 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