Coupled with his desire to extend his high Anglican (read here thinly disguised Catholic) policies and practices to Scotland, Charles I needed the financial support of Parliament. However, less is known but much is debated about the causes since they did MPs represented the people, and yet here was Charles attempting to arrest five MPs simply for daring to criticise him. This blessing should create an infallible leader – and there is the rub. The conflict broke out during the end of the reign of Charles I in 1642 and concluded in 1649 with the execution of the king. governed by an uneasy alliance between the monarchy and parliament Charles would agree that Parliament could never be dismissed without Parliament’s assent. The English Civil War fought between Parliamentarians and Royalists between 1642 and 1651 which consisted of a succession of armed discordances and political intrigues1. Causes of the English Civil War Russel Tarr. Being called upon to help King and country instilled a sense of purpose and power into this new Parliament. Ryan Reeves 93,277 views. First, civil war erupted and the country divided into opposing Royalist and Parliamentarian factions. Through the study of money, religion and power at this time it is clear that one factor is woven through them all and must be noted as a major cause of the English Civil War; that is the attitude and ineptitude of Charles I himself, perhaps the antithesis of an infallible monarch. In this video Dr Charlotte Young discusses the origins and causes of the English Civil War. He was by no means an infallible leader, a fact that was glaringly obvious to both Parliament and the people of England. He subscribed to the doctrine of the "divine right of kings", which was the belief that God select kings as and God could do no wrong, neither a king - this made James believe he was unanswerable to Parliament. the parliament was trying to get more power than Charles 1 and take over the country. Firstly, England, and specifically Parliament, exhibited a rabid paranoia concerning Catholicism in the 17th century. The Long-Term Causes of the English Civil War • Believed in the divine right of kings – i.e. One hundred years earlier, all of England had been Catholic. He rode north to lead the battle himself, suffering a crushing defeat that left Newcastle upon Tyne and Durham occupied by Scottish forces. This was a tax traditionally paid by coastal towns and villages during wartime to help pay for the upkeep of the navy. Nicknames. Were the festering wounds left by the Tudor religious roller coaster to blame? Furthermore, Charles’ support for his friend Archbishop William Laud’s reforms to the English Church were seen by many as a move backwards to the popery of Catholicism. When this support was withheld, Charles saw it as an infringement on his Divine Right and as such, he dismissed Parliament in March 1629. However, King Henry VIII had a lot of disagreements with the Catholic Church and decided he would split off to make his own church, the Anglican Church, creating a schism, or great divide. The English Civil War: Causes Of The English Civil War 1266 Words | 6 Pages. These events were completely unprecedented and unexpected. Charles realised that his relationship with Parliament was now irrevocably broken. They now presented an alternative power in the country to the King. From 1637 to 1642, each of Charles’ kingdoms plunged into civil war, beginning in Scotland from 1637, engulfing Ireland from 1641, and finally England the following year. Stretched thinly through the lavish lifestyles and expensive wars of the Tudor and Stuart period, the Crown was struggling. These issues were exacerbated by Charles’s mismanagement of the public coffers and through introducing new and ‘unfair’ taxes he simply added to the already growing anti-Crown sentiment up and down the country. Surely if you have been given power to rule by God, you should demonstrate an ability to wield this responsibility with a degree of success? Or was it all about the money? Understandably enough, in seeking the causes of the English civil war most historians have focussed on England and Wales, but the wider context has never been entirely ignored. The following eleven years, during which Charles ruled England without a Parliament, are referred to as the ‘personal rule’. The Causes of the English Civil War were manifold: this article explores some of the key long term and short term causes. He would become the first English monarch to be tried and sentenced to death since the monarchy’s establishment, largely due to his causing of the English Civil War. Ruling without Parliament was not unprecedented but without access to Parliament’s financial pulling power, Charles’s ability to acquire funds was limited. 5621230. The main controversy based on which this war was fought was slavery. that his power came from God, so he was answerable only to God. The English Civil War was a highly complex conflict, one which cannot be pinned on one cause alone. James used his friends to run the country and rewarded them with titles. The English Civil War and Puritanism - Duration: 28:29. Someone close to the king tipped off Parliament and the men fled before Charles arrived. Fully revised and updated, this second edition of the standard textbook on the causes of the English Civil War provides a comprehensive guide to the historiographical debates surrounding this crucial period of English history. So the origins of the English Civil War are complex and intertwined. About us  |   Terms of Use  |   They were a collection of aristocrats who met at the King’s pleasure to offer advice and to help him collect taxes. In 1642, Charles arrived in Westminster with 300 soldiers and attempted to arrest five of his most virulent critics. A full list of the Kings and Queens of England and Britain, with portraits and photos. Causes of the Civil War Essay: The infamous American civil war was fought between the years 1861 to 1865, between the more developed North American states and the lesser developed South American states. The causes of the English civil war 1. (He didn’t take Next, the king, Charles I, was found guilty of treason and executed in January 1649. Finally, Oliver Cromwell, the man who had fought so hard for the rights of Parliament, established a quasi-dictatorship in 1653. In times of financial difficulty that meant the King had to listen to Parliament. Start studying Causes of the English Civil War LIVE. Causes of The English Civil War In this assessment I will be analysing the many causes and roots of the English Civil war which broke out in 1642. And then, in 1629, Charles, much like his father had done, refused to let Parliament meet - he locked the doors to Westminster with large chains and padlocks. The sides were crystallized and the battle lines were drawn. Parliament had no tangible power at this point in English history. The English Civil War has many causes but the personality of Charles I must be counted as one of the major reasons. Charles became King in 1625. Indeed, there was barely an English ‘gentleman’ who was not touched by the war. Start studying The Causes of the English Civil War. Over the next year Parliament began to introduce increased emboldened demands, and by June 1642 these were too much for Charles to bear. At the start of his reign (1625) King Charles I had married the Roman Catholic Henrietta Maria of France. This is the belief that the King or Queen is chosen by God! Public demands for a Parliament were growing and Charles realised that whatever his next step was to be, it would require a financial backbone. to the English Civil War in 1642 and which ended up with the public execution of Charles I. Copyright © Historic UK Ltd. Company Registered in England No. These two points demonstrate the fact that Charles believed in his Divine Right, a right to rule unchallenged. Civil war was now on its way. Through the study of money, religion and power at this time it is clear that one factor is woven through them all and must be noted as a major cause of the English Civil War; that is the attitude and ineptitude of Charles I himself, perhaps the antithesis of an infallible monarch. They were locked out for 11 years: this period was named the Personal Rule, or the Eleven Years Tyranny. Timeline of Causes of the English Civil War. As a result, the two sides clashed with regards to. He was put on trial and found guilty, but he became a hero for standing up to the king. civil war England Europe history . This essay will discuss and deal with the different factors that gave rise to the English Civil War.As was said above, one of the main problems of Charles’ reign was the lack of money and, undoubtedly, this was a good reason for a civil war. He was tried and executed in 1641. Indeed, several things contributed to the animosity between Parliament and the monarchy, which erupted into armed conflict in 1642. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Was it simply a power struggle between king and Parliament? It was part of a Europe wide conflict between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. The southern states were in favour of expanding the scope of slavery, while the northern states fought against it. However, the balance of power had begun to shift. Above: Parliament in the time of King Charles I. Charles’s personal rule reads like a ‘how to annoy your countrymen for dummies’. It was to be used to strengthen the Navy and so these counties would be protected by the money they paid in tax; in theory, it was a fair tax against which they could not argue. The causes of the English civil war could be because of the 19 propostions. Keywords. He believed in the ‘Divine Right’ of being the King. Divine right – the God given right of an anointed monarch to rule unhindered – was established firmly in the reign of James I (1603-25). In 1621, Parliament was recalled as James wished to discuss the future marriage between his son, Charles, and a Spanish princess. His bullish response in barging into the House of Commons and attempting to arrest five MPs lost him the last remnants of support among undecided MPs. She heard Roman Catholic mass every day in her own private chapel and frequently took her children, the heirs to the English throne, to mass. Privacy Policy, However, Parliament’s great power over James was money - they had it and he needed it. Memories of the english civil war russell's concern about the reason for happening. The English civil war was a long chain of conflict and rivalry, which was set between two very powerful forces, who consisted of The Royalists (King Charles I, and his supporters), and the Roundheads (Parliament, and their supporters). Although the marriage never actually went ahead, the damage it had done had still not healed by the times of James’s death in 1625. This was a disaster for Charles who had neither the money nor the men to fight a war. How many other MPs were not safe? Included in her marriage treaty were provisions that she be allowed to practice her religion freely at Court. As Charles’ forces were largely … 2015. Yet how did it start? Charles’s decision to extend a year-round Ship Tax to all counties in England provided around £150,000 to £200,000 annually between 1634 and 1638.. England had managed to escape the Reformation relatively unscathed, avoiding much of the heavy fighting that raged in Europe as Catholic and Protestant forces battled in The Thirty Year War. James was often labelled as the "wisest fool in Christendom". Pitting brother against brother and father against son, the English civil war is a blot on our history. 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