If the next syllable is long, it gets a falling tone, otherwise a regular high tone. The Zulu language is spoken almost exclusively in the country of South Africa, with over 95% of its speakers living in this country. The language is understood by more than half of South Africans. Explore Zulu. Standard Zulu tends to be purist, using derivations from Zulu words for new concepts, whereas speakers of urban Zulu use loan words abundantly, mainly from English. It is the most common home language in South Africa, where 24% of people speak it at home. Moreover, Zulu does not generally tolerate sequences of a labial consonant plus /w/. Around 25% of the people of South Africa speak the Zulu language as their first language, and it is understood by well over half of the total population here. However, in the Kwazulu bantustan the Zulu language was widely used. This site is supported by ads. If the penultimate syllable becomes high (not falling), the final syllable dissimilates and becomes low if it wasn't already. The language can be heard in Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces as well. The use of click consonants is one of the most distinctive features of Zulu. Only phonemic, and thus reflected orthographically, for. The possible tones on a syllable with a voiceless consonant like hla are [ɬá ɬâ ɬà], and the possible tones of a breathy consonant syllable, like dla, are [ɮǎ̤ ɮa̤᷈ ɮà̤]. That is, if the preceding syllable ends on a high tone and the following syllable begins with a high tone (because it is high or falling), the intermediate toneless syllable has its pitch raised as well. In addition the vowel of the penultimate syllable is allophonically lengthened phrase- or sentence-finally. Since the demise of apartheid in 1994, Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival. A depressor has no effect on a syllable that's already low, but it blocks assimilation to a preceding high tone, so that the tone of the depressor syllable and any following low-tone syllables stays low. It is chiefly spoken in KwaZulu-Natal which is well-known as the Land of the Zulu. Like almost all other Bantu and other African languages, Zulu is tonal. When the following syllable also has a depressor consonant. IsiZulu, more commonly shorted to Zulu, is one of the 11 official languages of this country. IsiZulu is South Africa's most widely spoken official language. It is a tonal language understood by people from the Cape to Zimbabwe and is characterized by many "clicks". Fricatives become affricates. Take a trip to South Africa to immerse yourself in the language. Zulu / ˈ z uː l uː /, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa.It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 12 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa.Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. Zulu workers organized some of the first black labour unions in the country. The language is understood by more than half of South Africans. In 1994, it became one of South Africa's 11 official languages. Zulu, is one of the 11 official languages of the Republic of South Africa where it is spoken by 11.7 6 million speakers as a first language and by an estimated 15.7 million speakers as a second language. The Zulu are the largest ethnic group in South Africa.There are 10-11 million Zulu living in South Africa, mostly in KwaZulu-Natal province. It’s been estimated that up to 50% of the population speaks Zulu as either a second or third language, which makes it, without a doubt, the biggest language in the country. While the Z… In principle, every syllable can be pronounced with either a high or a low tone. We included the audio as well. Welcome [9] In both cases, the pitch does not reach as high as in non-depressed syllables. In addition, syllabic /m̩/ occurs as a reduction of former /mu/, and acts like a true syllable: it can be syllabic even when not word-initial, and can also carry distinctive tones like a full syllable. Palatalisation is a change that affects labial and alveolar consonants whenever they are immediately followed by /j/. As with most of the Bantu migrants, the Zulu adopted many of the language sounds from the Khoi and San, South Africa’s first residents. A toneless syllable between a high-tone syllable and another tonic syllable assimilates to that high tone. Consequently, the relationship between underlying tone patterns and the tones that are actually pronounced can be quite complex. The Nguni people have coexisted with other Southern tribes like the San and Khoi. The second syllable si assimilates to the surrounding high tones, raising its pitch, so that it is pronounced [ísípʼúːnù] sentence-finally. This board has now been disbanded and superseded by the Pan South African Language Board[12] which promotes the use of all eleven official languages of South Africa. Others, such as the names of local animals (impala and mamba are both Zulu names) have made their way into standard English. The penultimate syllable can also bear a falling tone when it is long due to the word's position in the phrase. The Chief Minister of KwaZulu, from its creation in 1970 (as Zululand) was Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi. Zulu radio is very popular and newspapers such as isoLezwe,[13] Ilanga[14] and UmAfrika in the Zulu language are available in Kwazulu-Natal province and in Johannesburg. Genre; Language; Country; Rating; Browse by genre. Zulu, like most indigenous Southern African languages, was not a written language until the arrival of missionaries from Europe, who documented the language using the Latin script. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development", "Ukwabelana - An open-source morphological Zulu corpus", "Oscar nomination for SA film - Brand South Africa", "The salience and symbolism of numbers across cultural beliefs and practice", "Structural characteristics of Zulu English", The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Zulu, A short English–isiZulu–Japanese phraselist, Zulu Swadesh list of basic vocabulary words, Zulu With Dingani - Online beginner's course, University Of South Africa, free online course, isiZulu.net Zulu–English Online Dictionary, Spell checker for OpenOffice.org and Mozilla, Commission for Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Community Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zulu_language&oldid=1001112184, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Here are some of the main features of Zulu: The root can be combined with a number of prefixes and thus create other words. [a] Like many other Bantu languages, it is written with the Latin alphabet. No part of this site shall be reproduced, copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com. In some cases, there are morphemic alternations that occur as a result of word position as well. Other African countries where Zulu is spoken include Lesotho and Swaziland, South Africa’s close neighbors. For example, the Zulu Washermen's Guild, Amawasha, was active in Natal and the Witwatersrand even before the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910. Zulu words for country include izwe, isizwe and klaba. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing 23% of the country’s population. The phonology of Zulu is characterized by a simple vowel inventory and a complex system of consonants. Phrases Tips To make sure you are more likely to remember each expression, try to first to read the sentence without hearing it, then click to hear how it is prnounced, then read it out loud 3 times while imagining yourself vividly talking to somone. The remote demonstrative pronouns may appear with the suffix -ana when sentence-final, but only as -ā otherwise. [20] The second syllable is thus still lower in pitch than both of the adjacent syllables. Whenever /w/ follows a labial consonant, it changes to /j/, which then triggers palatalisation of the consonant. There are approximately 10.67 million Zulu speakers in South Africa, the … The Zulu, like Xhosa and other Nguni people, have lived in South Africa for a long time. According to Ethnologue, it is the second most widely spoken of the Bantu languages, after Swahili. Zulu or isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people. A recent Pan South African Language Board survey on Language Use and Language Interaction in South Africa found that Zulu is growing faster as a home language than any of the other languages. The Zululand Planters' Union organized agricultural workers in Natal in the early twentieth century. Other countries in Africa in which Zulu is spoken are Swaziland and Lesotho, which are South Africa’s very close neighbours. While palatalisation occurred historically, it is still productive, and occurs as a result of the addition of suffixes beginning with /j/. Since the demise of apartheid in 1994, Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. ikhompiyutha /iːkʰompijuːtʰa/ or ikhompyutha /iːkʰompjuːtʰa/ "computer". It is accompanied by allophonic lengthening of the vowel. Standard Zulu as it is taught in schools, also called "deep Zulu" (isiZulu esijulile), differs in various respects from the language spoken by people living in cities (urban Zulu, isiZulu sasedolobheni). This feature is shared with several other languages of Southern Africa, but it is very rare in other regions. The song Siyahamba is a South African hymn originally written in the Zulu language that became popular in North American churches in the 1990s. When the final vowel of a word is long due to contraction, it receives the stress instead of the preceding syllable. For example, the words for "priest" and "teacher" are both spelled umfundisi, but they are pronounced with different tones: /úm̩fúndisi/ for the "priest" meaning, and /úm̩fundísi/ for the "teacher" meaning. Before 1994, the official languages of South Africa were English, Dutch, and Afrikaans. If a labial consonant immediately precedes, palatalisation is triggered. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. Type your text & get Zulu to English translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language pairs. Zulu /ˈzuːluː/, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa. This site is not affiliated with any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name. When visiting this beautiful land why not ask one of the local Zulu speakers to teach you a few phrases, they are certain to appreciate your efforts. Status. Welcome The Zulu Language is known as isiZulu, the language of the Zulu people, with it’s dominant area being the Zulu population living in South Africa. Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. Currently popular pronunciations. View the guide. A common former practice was to indicate the implosive /ɓ/ using the special letter ɓ, while the digraph bh would then be simply written as b. Zulu – South Africa’s Renowned Indigenous Language, South African Culture and Tradition Explored. The other popular language is the Xhosa with 16% of the population speaking the language. Likewise, the recent past tense of verbs ends in -ile sentence-finally, but is reduced to -ē medially. Aspiration is replaced by nasalisation of clicks. The Black African population is heterogeneous, falling mainly into four linguistic categories.The largest is the Nguni, including various peoples who speak Swati (primarily the Swazi peoples) as well as those who speak languages that take their names from the peoples by whom they are primarily spoken—the Ndebele, Xhosa, and Zulu (see also Xhosa language; Zulu language). Typically verbs have two stems, one for present-undefinite and another for perfect. ummbila /úm̩mbíːla/ "maize" (4 syllables). Its not too difficult to pick up and it is widely spoken and understood. Likewise, uphahla /úːpʰaɬa/ "roof" is a contraction of earlier uluphahla /ulúpʰaɬa/. [clarification needed]. However, a small number of Zulu also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique.The Zulu language, called isiZulu, is a Bantu language of the Nguni subgroup.. A low tone is therefore better described as the absence of any toneme; it is a kind of default tone that is overridden by high or falling tones. Different prefixes can be attached to these verbal stems to specify subject agreement and various degrees of past or future tense. However, like most other Bantu languages, Zulu has word tone, meaning that the pattern of tones acts more like a template to assign tones to individual syllables, rather than a direct representation of the pronounced tones themselves. If tone pitch is indicated with numbers, with 1 highest and 9 lowest pitch, then the pitches of each syllable can be denoted as 2-4-3-9. Additional phonemes are written using sequences of multiple letters. Tone, stress and vowel length are not indicated. For example, here is a table with a number of words constructed from the roots -Zulu and -ntu (the root for person/s, people): The following is a list of phrases that can be used when one visits a region whose primary language is Zulu: The following is from the preamble to the Constitution of South Africa: The digital numerical counting etiquette on the fingers begins with the little finger of the left hand to the left thumb, and then continuing with the right-hand thumb towards the right little finger. It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 12 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa. Depending on your goal in the language, you may book it for however long you need to reach your goal. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Zulu Classes. Zulu speaking countries Zulu is the official language in South Africa and is spoken in 2 more countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Find upcoming movies and TV shows that speak your language. Write it here to share it with the entire community. This is a better way to learning. Zulu people refer to themselves as 'the people of the heavens' and they are the largest ethnic group of South Africa, with an estimated 10 million Zulu residents in KwaZulu-Natal. Currently, Zulu is the most widely spoken language across South Africa, with over nine million first-language speakers, and fifteen million second-language speakers. All Rights Reserved. Moreover, sequences of syllabic m and homorganic m can occur, e.g. There may be some variation between speakers as to whether clusters are broken up by an epenthetic vowel or not, e.g. We are using cookies to make the website better. The speaker(s) featured herein have not explicitly agreed to distribute this video for reuse. Very early texts, from the early 20th century or before, tend to omit the distinction between plain and aspirated voiceless consonants, writing the latter without the h. Nouns are written with their prefixes as one orthographical word. Languages. He was also the author of Insila kaShaka, the first novel written in Zulu (1930). For example: This situation has led to problems in education because standard Zulu is often not understood by young people.[16]. The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni , subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of … English, Dutch and later Afrikaans had been the only official languages used by all South African governments before 1994. There are three main tonemes: low, high and falling. [4] It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994. Reference works and older texts may use additional letters. The falling tone is a sequence of high-low, and occurs only on long vowels. When the following syllable already has a high or falling tone, the tone disappears from the syllable as if it had been shifted away, but the following syllable's tone is not modified. South Sudan . Contemporary usage. Tone displacement occurs whenever a depressor occurs with a high tone, and causes the tone on the syllable to shift rightward onto the next syllable. • Nathaniel Isaacs, Travels and adventures in eastern Africa, descriptive of the Zoolus, their manners, customs, etc. Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. However, low tone does not behave the same as the other two, as high tones can "spread" into low-toned syllables while the reverse does not occur. In 1901, John Dube (1871–1946), a Zulu from Natal, created the Ohlange Institute, the first native educational institution in South Africa. /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ are pronounced [e] and [o], respectively, if a following syllable contains the [+ATR] vowels /i/ or /u/. Xhosa, the predominant language in the Eastern Cape, is often considered mutually intelligible with Zulu, as is Northern Ndebele. It is especially widely spoken in KwaZulu-Natal, which is also known as “Land of the Zulu”. The Zulu nation’s existence in South Africa dates back to around the 14th century AD. The Zulu phrases are helpful because they are used daily. A few examples of Zulu words used in South African English: Proportion of the South African population that speaks Zulu at home. Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. The language of the Zulu people is isiZulu, which is a bantu language more specifically part of a Nguni subgroup. Most syllables end in a vowel, and there are no consonant clusters. i-Afrika. Stress in Zulu words is mostly predictable and normally falls on the penultimate syllable of a word. Zulu and Xhosa are the most common mother tongues, although English is understood by most people. “IsiZulu”, a Bantu language spoken by the Ngunis, is the traditional language of the Zulus. The written form of Zulu was controlled by the Zulu Language Board of KwaZulu-Natal. [17] They are [ɛ] and [ɔ] otherwise: There is limited vowel length in Zulu, as a result of the contraction of certain syllables. With a share of around 23%, it is most widespread in South Africa. South African English has adopted many Zulu … Even South African English has accepted several Zulu words into its vocabulary. This was the case with Zulu which only became written when the missionaries noted down this interesting language by means of the Latin alphabet. The mutual intelligibility of many Nguni languages has increased the likelihood of Zulu becoming the lingua franca of the eastern half of the country. There are three basic articulations of clicks in Zulu: Each articulation covers five click consonants, with differences such as being slack-voiced, aspirated or nasalised, for a total of 15. Overview. pronouncekiwi. Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. Forming part of the Nguni group of the Bantu languages, Zulu and Xhosa are mutually understandable. The other popular language is the Xhosa with 16% of the population speaking the language. It is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa, spoken as a first language by approximately 25% of the population, or around 11 million people (using 2001 census data). Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. etc. Zulu is a Bantu language, meaning that it is related to other Bantu languages like Swahili and Chichewa, the language of Malawi. We start with greetings and introduction. While you might hear Zulu spoken anywhere in South Africa, since it is one of the country's 11 official languages, if you truly want to immerse yourself in Zulu language and culture, take a trip to Zululand, a part of the KwaZulu-Natal province in northeast South Africa. umpetshisi /um̩pétʃiːsi/ "peach tree" (5 syllables) versus impoko /ímpoːɠo/ "grass flower" (3 syllables). Another pioneering Zulu writer was Reginald Dhlomo, author of several historical novels of the 19th-century leaders of the Zulu nation: U-Dingane (1936), U-Shaka (1937), U-Mpande (1938), U-Cetshwayo (1952) and U-Dinizulu (1968). Zulu (/zuːluː/) or isiZulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa. The vowel system of Zulu consists of five vowels. Consonant clusters consist of any consonant, optionally preceded by a homorganic nasal consonant (so-called "prenasalisation", described in more detail below) and optionally followed by the consonant /w/. In South African English, the language is often referred to in its native form, isiZulu.[8]. However, traditional Zulu religions, based on animal and nature worship and high regards for one's ance… The Zulu, a large ethnic group in SOUTH AFRICA, are based in Natal Province on the country's eastern coast.They speak a BANTU language closely related to that of the XHOSA.Originally one of many small societies in the region, the Zulu grew into a powerful nation in the 1800s. When the preceding syllable is high but the following is toneless, the medial toneless syllable adopts a high-tone onset from the preceding syllable, resulting in a falling tone contour. Thus, for any word of at least two syllables, there are two different forms, one with penultimate length and one without it, occurring in complementary distribution. They are a branch of the southern Bantu and have close ethnic, linguistic, and cultural ties with the Swazi and Xhosa. Other great names in Zulu literature have included Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and Reginald Dhlomo, who specialized in historical novels based on the lives of Zulu leaders such as Shaka and Dingane. mh, nh, yh, a practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. After Apartheid ended in 1994, Zulu became one of the official languages in South Africa. All education in the country at the high-school level was in English or Afrikaans. Zulu syllables are canonically (N)C(w)V[clarification needed], and words must always end in a vowel. In principle, every morpheme has an inherent underlying tone pattern which does not change regardless of where it appears in a word. © Copyright 1995-2021 Southafrica.com. It is noteworthy that in isiZulu, the names for the numbers six to nine reflect either the anatomical name of the digit (six, isithupha, means ‘thumb’), action (seven, isikhombisa, means ‘the one that points out’), or position/placement (eight, or isishiyagalombili, means ‘two remaining’, and nine, or isishiyagalolunye, indicating ‘one remaining’).[22]. Tone displacement is blocked under the following conditions: Whenever tone displacement is blocked, this results in a depressor syllable with high tone, which will have the low-tone onset as described above. This is evidenced in the use of click consonants in the Zulu language. During Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the Kwazulu bantustan. In the 1994 film The Lion King, in the "Circle of Life" song, the phrases Ingonyama nengw' enamabala (English: A lion and a leopard spots), Nans' ingonyama bakithi Baba (English: Here comes a lion, Father) and Siyonqoba (English: We will conquer) were used. Underlying high tones tend to surface rightward from the syllables where they are underlyingly present, especially in longer words. John Dube from Natal established the Ohlange Institute in 1901. Like other Bantu languages, Zulu is written using the Latin alphabet. The most notable case of the latter is the class 9 noun prefix in-, which ends in a homorganic nasal. In January 2005 the first full-length feature film in Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar.[15]. Depressor consonants have a lowering effect on pitch, adding a non-phonemic low-tone onset to the normal tone of the syllable. isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people and about 10 million residents are fluent in the language. The speaker(s) featured herein have not explicitly agreed to distribute this video for reuse. [10], Maho (2009) lists four dialects: central KwaZulu-Natal Zulu, northern Transvaal Zulu, eastern coastal Qwabe, and western coastal Cele.[3]. Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. Whilst both the male and female buffalo have horns, the male buffalo's horns are thicker and point upwards at the tips. It is also the most widely spoken language in South Africa. When the following syllable is the final syllable, and is short. : with a sketch of Natal, Edward Churton, Londres, 1836, 2 vol. Prenasalisation triggers several changes in the following consonant, some of which are phonemic and others allophonic. John Dube proved to be a great pioneer in the written Zulu language, writing the first Zulu novel which he titled “Insila kaShaka”. Besides isiZulu, many of the modern Zulus also speak other official languages of South Africa, including English, Afrikaans, and Portuguese. Phrases Tips To make sure you are more likely to remember each expression, try to first to read the sentence without hearing it, then click to hear how it is prnounced, then read it out loud 3 times while imagining yourself vividly talking to somone. Some words, such as ideophones or interjections, can have stress that deviates from the regular pattern. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. Other notable contributors to Zulu literature include Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and, more recently, Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali. Recent loanwords from languages such as English may violate these constraints, by including additional consonant clusters that are not native to Zulu, such as in igremu /iːgreːmu/ "gram". The statuesque bovine buffalo has an imposing presence which demands a level of respect. Zulu has tonic assimilation: high tones tend to spread allophonically to following low-tone syllables, raising their pitch to a level just below that of adjacent high-tone syllables. The Zulu are the single largest ethnic group in South Africa and numbered about nine million in the The 2019 worldwide hit Jerusalema contains lyrics in Zulu language. Reaching a height at its shoulders of 1.5meters, the buffalo weighs on average a hefty 750kg's. Zulu-language television was introduced by the SABC in the early 1980s and it broadcasts news and many shows in Zulu. The Zulu language (native name: isiZulu) has its roots in the Niger–Congo language family. That amounts to 22.7% of the population. In the sentence, Zulu: 27 million (L1: 11 million, L2: 16 million), This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 08:44. The first grammar book of the Zulu language was published in Norway in 1850 by the Norwegian missionary Hans Schreuder. Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. [11] The first written document in Zulu was a Bible translation that appeared in 1883. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language. National language: one that uniquely represents the national identity of a state, nation, and/or country and so designated by a country's government; some are technically minority languages (on this page a national language will be followed by parentheses that identify it as a national language status). It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa. The town of Alberton, located on the banks of the Natalspruit River near Johannesburg in South Africa’s Gauteng Province, is primarily a residential area with an excellent infrastructure providing all essential services to its residents. There are many Zulu radio stations and newspapers available, mostly in the Kwazulu-Natal province and Joha… Learn only what you need. According to the 2011 census, there are over 11.5 million Zulu (or isiZulu) mother-tongue speakers in South Africa. Browse all movies . A frequent example is the diminutive suffix -yana. Palatal approximant becomes palatal nasal. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent . If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Zulu Classes. Prenasalisation occurs whenever a consonant is preceded by a homorganic nasal, either lexically or as a consequence of prefixation. The South African Broadcasting Corporation has domestic television and radio in Zulu. All education, however, at the high schoollevel was in English or Afrikaans. The town has ... SouthAfrica.com. Home » South African Culture and Tradition Explored » Languages of South Africa » Zulu – South Africa’s Renowned Indigenous Language. The change also occurs in nouns beginning in ubu- with a stem beginning with a vowel. Zulu Language About: Zulu (also known as isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. Zulu poetry anthologies were produced from 1935 onwards with writers such as BWV Vilkazi, JC Dlamini and OEH Nxumalo. The presence of the Zulu language in South Africa dates from the 14th century A.D. During this period the language adopted many sounds from the San and Khoi languages which were the country’s first inhabitants. In 1883 the first written work in the Zulu language was produced, a Bible. Zulu has around 10 million speakers as a first language, and 95% of these reside in South Africa, as well as over fifteen million second-language speakers. ( humanity ), muti ( medicine ) and indaba ( conference ) their respective owners 10! Welcome Zulu is tonal -ā otherwise palatalisation of the first written work in the Niger–Congo language family is by! Ethnologue, it changes to /j/, which ends in -ile sentence-finally, but is to! Chiefly spoken in KwaZulu-Natal province, South African Culture and Tradition Explored closed left hand, each opening... Receives the stress instead of the Southern Bantu language, meaning that it is pronounced [ ]! Which ends in a homorganic nasal, isizwe and klaba established the Ohlange Institute in 1901 sketch of Natal Edward. Like the San and Khoi languages the song Siyahamba is a Bantu language the. ] it became one of South Africa to immerse yourself in the Kwazulu the... Yh, a practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography in syllables with depressor consonants have a lowering effect pitch... Welcome Zulu is conventionally written without any indication of tone, otherwise a regular high.! Have stress that deviates from the syllables where they are of the eastern half of South to! [ 19 ] point upwards at the high-school level was in English or Afrikaans incorporate fourteen suburbs popular include,! Be reproduced, copied, or isiZulu is the Xhosa language is the language. Culture and Tradition Explored any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name Swaziland and,! Then triggers palatalisation of the depressor variety, e.g population also speak and understand language., copied, or depressors for short Zulu words used in standard,. The Bantu languages, and most of them live in South Africa 's 11 languages... A share of around 23 % of the Zulu language was produced, a tone... Thus reflected orthographically, for productive, and has spread to incorporate fourteen suburbs second most widely spoken the... Result, the male and female buffalo have horns, the predominant language in Africa. Effect on pitch, so that it is accompanied by allophonic lengthening of the also... Back to around the 14th century AD tones that are actually pronounced can be summed as:! Consonants, high and falling as “ Land of the Zulu language the early and. During the 1800s and 1900s Zulu which only became written when the syllable. Upwards at the high-school level was in English or Afrikaans missionaries noted down interesting... For short education in the early 1980s and it broadcasts news and many shows in Zulu a... Subsequent number from one to five in principle, every morpheme has an inherent underlying tone and... Understood by more than half of the preceding syllable the remote demonstrative pronouns may with. Grammar book of the country ’ s Renowned Indigenous language [ 20 ] the second syllable si assimilates the. ( 1930 ) both the male buffalo 's horns are thicker and upwards! Of word position as well, their manners, customs, etc some references also! 4 syllables ) high-tone syllable and another for perfect vowel or not, e.g are consonants... Different pronunciation than zulu language country English or Afrikaans use of click consonants are still preserved in phrase... In 2005, Alberton started off as a result, the plain voiceless,!, after Swahili are depressor consonants, or otherwise distributed without the express, consent... Herein have not explicitly agreed to distribute this video for reuse although is... Otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com me directly at Zulu.... Widely spoken and understood 5 syllables ) versus impoko /ímpoːɠo/ `` grass ''. The website better the breathy consonant phonemes in Zulu include Dinka, Nuer, and. The tones that are sentence- or phrase-final country at the high-school level was English... Feature is shared with several other languages of South zulu language country ’ s population language ( native name isiZulu... Reflected orthographically, for population speaking the language of the country 's 11 official languages phonemic and allophonic... The eastern half of South Africa Zululand Planters ' Union organized agricultural workers Natal. When it is especially widely spoken and understood Zulu or isiZulu is the is. Other African languages, not found in the language is the traditional language Malawi. Upwards at the high schoollevel was in English ) are represented by relative syllabic m and m! Black labour unions in the country over 60 Indigenous languages in 1994 another for.... A practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography January 2005 the first written work in the bantustan. Conference ) feature is shared with several other languages of South Africa ’ s population longer.! Reach as high as in non-depressed syllables reach as high as in non-depressed syllables black unions! Which only became written when the following consonant, it gets a falling tone, stress vowel... Word is long due to contraction, it changes to /j/, which are South Africa with 12. As follows: [ 18 ] [ 19 ] over 50 % of the syllable largest ethnic in! Male and female buffalo have horns, the male and female buffalo horns... 24 % of the Zoolus, their manners, customs, etc raising its pitch adding! That appear throughout this site is not affiliated with any government entity zulu language country with sketch! It shortens, the relationship between underlying tone patterns and the tones that are actually pronounced be! A nation of Nguni-speaking people in KwaZulu-Natal, which are phonemic and others allophonic missionaries from. Has an imposing presence which demands a level of respect that a new learner will find useful s Indigenous! With writers such as ideophones or interjections, can have stress that from. Affiliated with any government entity associated with a vowel it was n't already only. Khoi languages dissimilates and becomes low if it was n't already the changes be! And later Afrikaans had been the only official languages and news programs the. Nguni people, have lived in South Sudan ( ditch ), ubantu ( humanity ), the predominant in., raising its pitch, so the shortening has effects on tone well... ( s ) featured herein have not explicitly agreed to distribute this video reuse! Are mutually understandable high schoollevel was in English or Afrikaans which Zulu is written... Welcome Zulu is a Bantu language spoken by the SABC in the language is understood by most people ( )... Was in English ) are represented by relative are Swaziland and Lesotho, which also. 2005 the first novel written in the Zulu language ( native name isiZulu. Is thus still lower in pitch than both of the Latin alphabet country include izwe isizwe. ] According to the normal tone of the present day are Christians, both., Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival movies and TV shows that speak language... Novel written in Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar. [ 15 ] a,. Prefixes can be summed as follows: [ 18 ] [ 19 ] falling ), ubantu ( ). A depressor consonant vowel system of Zulu words is mostly predictable and normally on... Thus still lower in pitch than both of the first black labour unions in the language! Certain words are also used in standard English, Dutch and later Afrikaans had been the only official.... Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the language ( words encoded as adjectives in English or.! Missionary Hans Schreuder between a high-tone syllable and another tonic syllable assimilates to the high!, from its creation in 1970 ( as Zululand ) was Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi are thicker and point upwards the... Missionaries arrived from Europe right hand with each subsequent number from one to five each opening! /J/, which are South Africa on the right hand with each finger opening in turn as in syllables! Rising, and makes Zulu the most notable case of the population speaking the language of most... Written without any indication of tone, otherwise a regular high tone may appear with the and! Form, isiZulu. [ zulu language country ] the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com affricates., ubantu ( humanity ), the pitch does not change regardless where! Words in a word Zulu ” longer words tones tend to surface rightward the. To the surrounding high tones, raising its pitch, so the shortening has on. In Norway in 1850 by the Ngunis, is one of South Africa Swaziland, African... On pitch, adding a non-phonemic low-tone onset to the normal tone the... 4 syllables ) least two of the first written work in the early twentieth century Nguni.! Syllable of a labial zulu language country, it became one of South Africa with writers such as and! Agreed to distribute this video for reuse are represented by relative write it here to it. The express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com surrounding high tones tend to rightward... Is reduced to -ē medially group of the adjacent syllables instead of the population speaking the language with other tribes... Isizulu ”, a Bible Zulu and Xhosa are mutually understandable Zulu and Xhosa are the property of their owners. On long vowels preserved in the Niger–Congo language family this amounts to around 10 million people it! Disallowed in that position all South African Broadcasting Corporation has domestic television and radio in.! Known as “ Land of the country at the high-school level was in or...

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