The avifauna of Sikkim include the impeyan pheasant, crimson horned pheasant, snow partridge, Tibetan snowcock, bearded vulture and griffon vulture, as well as golden eagles, quails, plovers, woodcocks, sandpipers, pigeons, Old World flycatchers, babblers and robins. The capital is Gangtok, in the southeastern part of the state. [51] About a third of the state is heavily forested. Below is a list of few developing countries and their spending pattern on Housing. In a special referendum held in 1975, more than 97 percent of the electorate voted for the merger of Sikkim with India. Study area Gangtok is the capital and largest city in the state of Sikkim. In the temperate forests (5,000 to 13,000 feet [1,500 to 4,000 metres]), oak, laurel, maple, chestnut, magnolia, alder, birch, rhododendron, fir, hemlock, and spruce predominate. However, in October 2018, Pakyong Airport, the state's first airport, located at a distance of 30 km (19 mi) from Gangtok, became operational after a four-year delay. The great majority of Sikkim’s population is rural, living in scattered hamlets and villages. Vide Notification No.7 (17)/Home dated 28th July1990, the Local Self Government was renamed as Urban Development and Housing Department. In Gangtok, temperatures in January (the coldest month) drop into the low 30s F (about 0 °C); in August (the warmest month), temperatures may reach the low 80s F (about 28 °C). Are State Share and ULB share in line with proposed Mission approach? Share Feedback. Himalaya Darpan, a Nepali daily published in Siliguri, is one of the leading Nepali daily newspapers in the region. [102] The five-station line is intended to support both economic development and Indian Army operations and was initially planned to be completed by 2015,[103][104] though as of 2013 its construction has met with delays. Among the animals more commonly found in the alpine zone are yaks, mainly reared for their milk, meat, and as a beast of burden. However, the traditional house building in Sikkim may be mentioned here. Agriculture in Sikkim seems to be the basis of the socio-cultural pattern of the territory. Agriculture Department; Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services Department [96][97] The airport is capable of operating ATR aircraft.[98]. The British East India Company obtained the city of Darjiling from Sikkim in 1835. Sikkim's Nepalese majority celebrate all major Hindu festivals, including Tihar (Diwali) and Dashain (Dashera). Himalayan Journals: notes of a naturalist in Bengal, the Sikkim and Nepal Himalayas, the Khasia mountains etc. First, the 35th Amendment laid down a set of conditions that made Sikkim an "Associate State", a special designation not used by any other state. Long a sovereign political entity, Sikkim became a protectorate of India in 1950 and an Indian state in 1975. - Chapter 11. There is little lowland, and the variation in relief is extreme. Although tensions between the Lepchas and the Nepalese escalated during the merger of Sikkim with India in the 1970s, there has never been any major degree of communal religious violence, unlike in other Indian states. Many of Sikkim’s farmers also raise livestock, including cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and poultry. The state is spread over an area of 1483 square kilometer. 'The Tea Horse Road from Lhasa to Sikkim'. During the monsoon, heavy rains increase the risk of landslides. [144] There is one Institute of National Importance,[145] one central university[146] and four private universities[147] in Sikkim offering higher education. As a result, state revenue has increased 14 times since the mid-1990s. The climate pattern is moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with average state rainfall 254 centimetres (100 in) per annum. 73 The river influences the life pattern and economy of the Sikkimese and others in Eastern India, parts of West Bengal and Bangladesh (Mukhopadya 1982). Dwellings on the Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim, India. [40] In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. According to the Indian geography the state is located at the center of the Indian subcontinent, amidst the ranges of Himalaya and the Aravalli. [48] More than 60 people died in Sikkim alone, and the city of Gangtok suffered significant damage.[49]. [37], Meanwhile, Indian independence and its move to democracy spurred a fledgling political movement in Sikkim, giving rise to the formation of Sikkim State Congress (SSC), a pro-accession political party. The Sikkim Herald is an official weekly publication of the government. Posted on 23rd Dec, 2020 by Owner. A state council was established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the Chogyal. The closest major railway stations are Siliguri Junction and New Jalpaiguri in neighbouring West Bengal. Akash. The residents of Sikkim have traditionally viewed the mountain as both a god and the abode of gods. Constitution of the Board. [63] The Gangtok helipad is the only civilian helipad in the state. The legendary Abominable Snowman, or yeti, called Nee-gued in Sikkim, is believed to roam its slopes. [24] The Guru is reported to have blessed the land, introduced Buddhism, and foretold the era of monarchy that would arrive in Sikkim centuries later. Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newar, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state. Are State Share and ULB share in line with proposed Mission approach? Management: Management is the vital part of the broiler farming to achieve desired production. In 2011, Sikkim's adult literacy rate was 82.2 per cent: 87.29 per cent for males and 76.43 per cent for females. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation -AMRUT. These produce, most notably, processed foods (including liquor), watches and watch jewels, and small electronics parts. On 8 December 2008, it was announced that Sikkim had become the first state in India to achieve 100 per cent sanitation coverage, becoming completely free of public defecation, thus attaining the status of "Nirmal State". 2. [86] Sikkim has furthermore invested in a fledgling gambling industry promoting both casinos and online gambling. Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim Bishnu Kumar Sharma1*, Musadiq Hussain Bhat2, Mufida Fayaz2, Amit Kumar3 and Ashok Kumar Jain3 1Department of Botany, Namchi Government College, South Sikkim - 737126, Sikkim 2School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior - 474011, M.P. The Singalila Range separates Sikkim from Nepal in the west, while the Dongkya Range forms the border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the east. The state government has promoted biogas and solar power for cooking, but these have received a poor response and are used mostly for lighting purposes. Thereafter, a referendum was held in which 97.5 per cent of voters supported abolishing the monarchy, effectively approving union with India. There are a few large hydroelectric stations and many smaller plants that provide energy to Gangtok, Rangpo, Singtam, and Mangan. Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia By James Minahan, 2012, indiatoday.in/amp/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/mini-sikkim-in-making-308081-2016-02-10, Kanchenjunga and Sikkim Press: How Media Started Its Practice in Sikkim, the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, third-smallest GDP among India's 28 states, List of institutions of higher education in Sikkim, National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT), Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, "2011 Census reference tables – total population", "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Sikkim claims India's first mixed-criteria UNESCO World Heritage Site", "Why is Sikkim's merger with India being questioned by China? During the Losar (Tibetan New Year), most offices and educational institutions are closed for a week. 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